Cuts in the skin can range from minor abrasions to deep cuts that may require stitches. The risk of infection is high and you need to take actions. Here are a few ways how to determine if the cut is infected or not and how to treat an infected cut.
Everybody should have some basic knowledge of first aid when you need to treat injuries such as cuts and skin irritations. Please diagnose your condition, whether it is a deep cut. This does not mean that we underestimate minor cuts, minor cuts can be also dangerous if they get infected. Patients with diabetes or a weakened immune system, cancer patients (chemotherapy), people who are on steroid treatment, patients on dialysis or HIV-infected patients are more susceptible to infection through cuts and wounds. Therefore, such patients should immediately contact a doctor.
Before we begin to talk about the symptoms of infection, we tell what you should do if you get a cut on any part of our body.
How to avoid infection
The very first thing you should do is to disinfect or properly wash your hands before touching the infected cut.
Gently press the cut with a clean cloth or bandage to stop the bleeding. If the bleeding does not stop, then you need to seek medical help.
The area of cut should be thoroughly washed with soap and water to prevent the ingress of bacteria or other substances.
Remove all impurities such as stones and glass from a cut with the tweezers.
Then you need to press the cut and then apply an antiseptic cream and cover a cut with a Band-Aid or sterile gauze.
Antibiotic ointments, such as Neosporin or Bacitracin, help in faster healing of minor wounds, scrapes, punctures or burns. They also help to stop the growth of bacteria and prevent the spread of infection.
Only after doing the above, you should watch for symptoms.
The symptoms that tell you that the cut is infected
Proper awareness about caring for the wound can help to prevent the symptoms outlined below at an early stage. It is important to seek medical attention if the wound does not heal within a few days, or if it gets worse and you begin to feel the heat or headache.
Symptoms begin with a pain and a little redness around the damaged area. Although this symptom also means that the body is fighting an infection, and increased redness and swelling are the first sign of infection of the cut.
Watch for any signs of secretion, such as pus or blood. Secreted blood is usually darker and has an unpleasant odor and contains pus.
The skin around the infected wound is painful and sensitive to touching. You will also notice a small red band around the wound.
The crust formed on the cut may be yellow-green.
You may also notice an increase in your lymph nodes.
Intolerable itching and boils around the wound also indicate an infection.
How to treat an infected cut
To treat infected cuts, you need to know the depth of cut as deep cuts may need stitches. Stitches reduce the risk of infection.
The first step of treatment is to stop excessive bleeding, so you need to change the bandage and clean the wound with a good antiseptic and cover it with sterile gauze.
If you can not stop the bleeding and suturing is necessary, please see your doctor as soon as possible. If you feel a fever or chills, tell your doctor.
Thoroughly clean the wound, removing dirt or particles of glass. Avoid scratching, otherwise it will start to bleed again. Make a tetanus shot if you did not make it in the past three years. If you are bitten by a dog or other animal vaccinated against rabies. It is better to keep the cut clean and change the gauze or a band-aid when it get wet. The goal is to keep the wound dry for quick healing of an infected cut.
As a precaution against common infections always carefully check the wounds of children and the elderly before the start of treatment.
Also there is popular recipe of folk medicine. You should take a black radish , grate with the peel, put on a double layer of gauze, put on the wound. You will have tears and the sparks from the eyes, but you must be patient as possible. The next day do the same, but it will be easier.